Posted in Core Skills

PRINCIPLE: To understand the appropriate use and function of each tool, the circumstances of use, the benefits and potential issues in using the tool.  The correct cleaning, maintenance and storage should also be understood.

 

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  wear padded gloves to stop you getting blisters and ensure you take care of your wrists by either wearing wrist support OR ensuring you don’t trowel too vigorously.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  A shovel should not be used to throw soil behind you, as this will damage your back.  Bend at the knees and throw forward.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  Make sure your foot is firmly on the spade if deturfing or cutting down. Not at the front or heel as this will slip off and hurt you but not in the middle either as the sole of your boot is thinner there.  Put your foot just forward of the middle.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  Good for sand and softer soils, this is best used in a line of other people, all moving back in the same direction.  Once you have a pile of “loose” clear it away, as you don’t want to obscure the layers.  Care should be taken when laying the hoe down in the trench, as it will not be funny if someone stands on the head.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  Swing the mattock down toward the work, allowing the right hand to slide  back  along  the  handle  toward  the  left  hand  so that at the finish of the swing, the hands are close together – you should never have to raise it higher than your waist, let the mattock do the work! When storing, the mattock  should  be  placed  on  its  head  against  a  wall  or  hung on a rack for storage.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  The pick axe is the tool of last resort and should be used only for the hardest of layers.  Make sure nobody is near you, and you wear goggles to protect your eyes from stone chips.  You should be aware how dangerous this tool is.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  Bucket handles often come off, the best alternative is the ‘trug’, with moulded handles.  Fill it 2/3rds full, and remember a bucket will be heavy when full, so bend your knees when picking up and don’t overstretch when pouring out the contents on the spoilheap.

·         Novice – understands the purpose, but needs more practice in both usage and application :  requires full supervision.

·         Competent – Is able to use tool correctly  however, may need some supervision

·         Proficient  – can confidently use the tool without prompting and maintains the item with appropriate safety and maintenance procedures.

Top tips:  Keep the wheelbarrow tyre pressure up, a soft tyre makes it harder to push.  Put soil into the wheelbarrow with the main loading towards the front, as this will make it easier to move – weighted at the back will make it harder to lift. Remember that at tea-break you can use the wheelbarrow as a handy seat.

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